Essay writing guide. Adjectives and Adverbs

Essay writing guide. Adjectives and Adverbs

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    Adjectives and Adverbs

    Definition – Adjectives are words that describe nouns or pronouns. They might come before the word they describe (That is a cute puppy.) Or they may follow the expressed word they describe (That puppy is cute.).

    Adverbs are words that modify everything but nouns and pronouns. They modify adjectives, verbs, and other adverbs. A word is an adverb if it answers how, when, or where.

    The only adverbs that cause grammatical problems are those that answer the question how, so we will focus on these.

    He speaks slowly.
    Answers the question how.
    He speaks very slowly.
    Answers the question how slowly.

    Generally, if a expressed word answers the question how, it is an adverb. If it may have an ly added to it, put it there.

    She thinks slow/slowly.
    She thinks how? slowly.
    This woman is a slow/slowly thinker.
    Slow does not answer how so no ly is attached. Slow is an adjective here.
    She thinks fast/fastly.
    Fast answers the question how, it is therefore an adverb. But fast never has an ly attached with it.
    We performed bad/badly.
    Badly describes how we performed.

    A particular ly rule applies when four regarding the senses – taste, smell, look, feel – would be the verbs. Do not ask if these senses answer comprehensively the question how to ly determine if must certanly be attached. Instead, ask in the event that sense verb will be used actively. If so, make use of the ly.

    Roses smell sweet/sweetly.
    Do the roses actively smell with noses? No, so no ly.
    The lady looked angry/angrily.
    Did the woman actively look with eyes or are we describing her appearance?
    We are only appearance that is describing so no ly.
    The girl looked angry/angrily at the paint splotches.
    Here the lady did actively look with eyes so the ly is added.

    She feels bad/badly in regards to the news.

    She actually is not feeling with fingers, so no ly.

    Your message good is an adjective while well is an adverb answering the question how.

    You did a job that is good.
    Good describes the job.

    You did the working job well.

    Well answers how.
    You smell good today.
    Describes your odour, not how you smell along with your nose, so follow with the adjective.
    You smell well for someone with a cold.
    You will be actively smelling with a nose here so follow using the adverb.

    When referring to health, use well always.
    Examples i actually do not feel good.

    Today you do not look well.

    You might use good with feel when you’re not referring to health.

    I feel good about my decision to master Spanish.

    A error that is common using adjectives and adverbs comes from using not the right form for comparison. For instance, to spell it out a very important factor we would say poor, such as, “this woman is poor.” To compare a few things, we must say poorer, such as, “She is the poorer associated with two women.” To compare a lot more than two things, we should say poorest, as with, “this woman is the poorest of these all.”

    • Sweet
    • Bad
    • Efficient*
    • Sweeter
    • Worse
    • More efficient*

    Three or even more

    • Sweetest
    • Worst
    • Most efficient *

    *Usually with words of three or more syllables, don’t add -er or -est. Use more or most in front for the words.

    Never drop the ly from an adverb with all the comparison form.

    She spoke quickly.
    She spoke more quickly than he did.

    She spoke quicker than he did.

    Talk quietly.
    Talk more quietly.

    If this, that, these, and those are accompanied by nouns, they are adjectives. When they appear without a noun following them, these are generally pronouns.

    This house is actually for sale.
    This is an adjective here.
    That is on the market.
    This is certainly a pronoun here.

    This and therefore are singular, if they are now being used as adjectives or as pronouns. This points to something nearby while that points to something “over there.”

    This dog is mine.
    That dog is hers.
    That is mine.
    That is hers.

    These and those are plural, if they are now being used as adjectives or as pronouns. These points to something nearby while those points to something “over there.”

    These babies have already been smiling for a time that is long.
    These are mine.
    Those babies have now been crying all night.
    Those are yours.

    Use than to show comparison. Use then to resolve the question when.

    I would rather go skiing than rock climbing.
    First we went skiing; then we went mountain climbing

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