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Adjectives and Adverbs
Definition – Adjectives are words that describe nouns or pronouns. They might come before the word they describe (That is a cute puppy.) Or they may follow the expressed word they describe (That puppy is cute.).
Adverbs are words that modify everything but nouns and pronouns. They modify adjectives, verbs, and other adverbs. A word is an adverb if it answers how, when, or where.
The only adverbs that cause grammatical problems are those that answer the question how, so we will focus on these.
He speaks slowly.
Answers the question how.
He speaks very slowly.
Answers the question how slowly.
Generally, if a expressed word answers the question how, it is an adverb. If it may have an ly added to it, put it there.
She thinks slow/slowly.
She thinks how? slowly.
This woman is a slow/slowly thinker.
Slow does not answer how so no ly is attached. Slow is an adjective here.
She thinks fast/fastly.
Fast answers the question how, it is therefore an adverb. (more…)